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Switch to: Citations References in:. Standing by our principles: Meaningful guidance, moral foundations, and multi-principle methodology in medical scarcity Govind C. American Journal of Bioethics 10 4 — 48 Add references You must to add references. Order: Most recent First author. Export: Choose a format. The allocation of scarce health care resources such as flu treatment or organs for transplant presents stark problems of distributive justice.
Persad, Wertheimer, and Emanuel have recently proposed a novel system for such allocation. This paper argues that the system lacks adequate moral foundations. Persad and colleagues' defense of giving priority Second, the paper contends that the complete lives system fails to provide meaningful practical guidance in central cases, since it contains no method for balancing its principles when they conflict. Finally, the paper proposes a new method for balancing principles of saving the most lives and maximizing life-years.
Health Care Justice in Applied Ethics.
Medical Resource Allocation in Applied Ethics. Direct download 4 more. Allocation of very scarce medical interventions such as organs and vaccines is a persistent ethical challenge. We evaluate three systems: the United Network for Organ Sharing points systems, quality-adjusted life-years, and We recommend an alternative system—the complete lives system—which prioritises younger people who have not yet lived a complete life, and also incorporates prognosis, save the most lives, lottery, and instrumental value principles.
Organ Transplantation in Applied Ethics. Priority and Prioritarianism in Social and Political Philosophy. Utilitarianism, Misc in Normative Ethics. Direct download 2 more. Why is death bad for us, even on the assumption that it involves the absence of experience? Whom should we save from death if we cannot save everyone? Kamm considers these questions, critically examining some answers other philosophers have given. She also examines specifically what differences between persons are relevant to the distribution of any scarce resources, e.
Epicurus in Ancient Greek and Roman Philosophy. Ethics in Value Theory, Miscellaneous. The Badness of Death in Applied Ethics. In this book by the award-winning author of Just Healthcare, Norman Daniels develops a comprehensive theory of justice for health that answers three key questions: what is the special moral importance of health? When are health inequalities unjust? How can we meet health needs fairly when we cannot meet them all? Daniels' theory has implications for national and global health policy: can we meet health needs fairly in ageing societies?
Or protect health in the workplace while respecting individual liberty?
When is an effort to reduce health disparities, or to set priorities in realising a human right to health, fair? What do richer, healthier societies owe poorer, sicker societies?
Just Health: Meeting Health Needs Fairly explores the many ways that social justice is good for the health of populations in developed and developing countries. Global Health in Applied Ethics. In Setting Limits, Daniel Callahan advances the provocative thesis that age be a limiting factor in decisions to allocate certain kinds of health services to the elderly.
However, when one looks at available data, one discovers that there are many more elderly women than there are elderly men, and these older women are poorer, more apt to live alone, and less likely to have informal social and personal supports than their male counterparts.
Older women, therefore, will make the heaviest demand If age were to become a limiting factor, as Dr. Callahan suggests it should, the limits that will be set are limits that will affect women more drastically than they affect men. This review essay examines the implications of Callahan's thesis for elderly women. Feminist Ethics in Normative Ethics. Direct download. The JSTOR Archive is a trusted digital repository providing for long-term preservation and access to leading academic journals and scholarly literature from around the world.
The Archive is supported by libraries, scholarly societies, publishers, and foundations. It is an initiative of JSTOR, a not-for-profit organization with a mission to help the scholarly community take advantage of advances in technology. John Rawls in 20th Century Philosophy. Justice in Social and Political Philosophy. Direct download 3 more. Complete Lives in the Balance. Samuel J. Principles for Allocation of Scarce Medical Interventions. Emanuel - - The Lancet Kamm - - Oup Usa. Norman Daniels - - Cambridge University Press.
Nora K. Bell - - Hypatia 4 2 Justice as Fairness: Political Not Metaphysical. John Rawls - - Philosophy and Public Affairs 14 3 Applied ethics. History of Western Philosophy. Normative ethics. Philosophy of biology. Philosophy of language.
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